ti-tan-ic: of exceptional strength, size, or power.
- Oxford Dictionary
The RMS Titanic was the largest moveable object ever constructed by man when she departed out of the harbour at Southampton, England at noon on April 10, 1912. Her colossal presence as she steamed away on her maiden voyage would of been an overwhelming sight to see.
There were three anchors, two of which weighed 7.5 tons, and were located at the port and starboard sides of the ship.
The third anchor weighed a whopping 15.5 tons, was stored on the center Forecastle Deck and was lowered with a crane.
Each of the two smaller anchors had a 96 ton anchor chain and the larger anchor came equipped with a 101 ton chain.
The two main engines in the Titantic were four stories tall, weighed 1000 tons each and operated on four cylinders.
These two engines still hold the record today of the largest ever built.
There was also a third engine, a 420 ton steam turbine engine that was used to help supplement power if needed.
Each four cylinder engine generated 15,000 horsepower and the turbine engine produced 16,000 horsepower.
The steam from the boilers powered all three engines, with the two main engines receiving direct steam and any excess steam was used to power the turbine engine.
There were a number of boilers used to create steam that powered the engines, 24 double-ended boilers (with six furnaces each) and five singled ended boilers (with three furnaces each).
The double-ended boilers could be fed by both ends, and each weighed over 100 tones.
There was a grand total of 159 coal-fired furnaces throughout all the 29 boilers, and all the coal was shoveled into the furnaces by hand.
It took 8000 tons of coal to power the Titantic for one round trip, and 650 tons of coal was shoveled into the furnaces each day.
The workers whose job it was to feed the furnaces were called stokers, and they each were responsible for shoveling approx four tones of coal per day into each of the 159 furnaces.
The two main four cylinder engines each powered their own massive bronze three-bladed propeller that was over 23.5 feet in diameter and weighed 38 tons.
The turbine engine powered a slightly smaller four bladed propeller that was 16.5 feet in diameter and weighed 22 tones..
The two large three-bladed propellers could be reversed to backup or stop in the case of an emergency, while the smaller four bladed propeller could only operate in a forward direction.
The propellers utilized a new design that allowed for a much smoother ride by turning toward each other when they spun, called counter-rotating.
The rudder weighed 101 tons and was 78 feet high.
Over three million rivets were used on the Titanic, weighing a total of 1200 tones.
There were four funnels, but only three of them were functional, as four funnels helped with the aesthetic powerful look of the ship.
The three funnels closest to the bow vented the six boiler rooms, and the fourth funnel provided fresh air to the engine rooms and vented the ship's kitchens.
There were 10 decks in total, from top to bottom they were the Boat Deck, the Promenade Deck (Main deck A), passenger decks B to G, Orlop Deck, and the Tank Top.
The length of the Titanic, from bow to stern was 882 feet and 9 inches, and at the time was the largest man-made moving object.
The width from port to starboard was 92 feet and 6 inches.
The maximum speed was 24 knots, however the ship was designed to operate at a service speed of 21 knots..
The total weight was 46,328 tones.
Titanic was built with a double bottom, a relatively new concept designed to minimize flooding if the ship collided with another ship or ran aground.
The steel plates used for the structure were a mixture of three quarter inch and one inch and overlapped in some places as much as three feet to ensure maximum strength.
It cost $7,500,000 to build the Titanic in 1912, which works out to the equivalent of $ in 2022.